Focus on the role of education in promoting peace
Traditional societies were characterized by the use of violence to rule over another country, which resulted in thousands of deaths. Nowadays, several governmental and non-governmental organizations take actions to maintain peace. It is often said that world peace starts from each individual.
"That peace which is within us, we must experience it", said the ambassador of Peace, Prem Rawat in his messages of peace for the world. Can peace be taught to people? What is the role of education in promoting peace?
Focus on the roles of education in promoting peace
Education shapes people into self-confidence
Without education, illiterate people feel uncomfortable when making major decisions. They may lack know-how or experience in the matter and are doubtful in venturing into any difficult matters. They lack self-confidence for fear of failure or rejection.
Apart from that, if they like drinking alcohol, it is certain that they opt for revenge and violence to manage conflicts. On the other hand, education empowers people with the ability to be self-confident. Education trains people to exchange ideas through in-class discussion and debates.
Thus, it teaches people to give their ideas with calm assurance whether they will be accepted or not. Education promotes peace because it teaches people to solve problems through peaceful resolutions like debates or round-table discussions, instead of fighting or killing.
Education makes people tolerant and open-minded
Lack of education imparts a hostile attitude into ignorant people. Thus, it makes them despise other customs and reject any different points of view from theirs. Unless people are taught to respect cultural diversity and to be open-minded, it is possible for people to adopt a hostile attitude and criticize cultural differences.
Therefore, they are intolerant of any differences, for example, in languages and clothing styles. However, education makes it easy to get in touch and communicate with people from different cultural backgrounds and origins.
In other words, education cultivates open-mindedness and cross-cultural tolerance. Apart from that, school disciplines and regulations are often combined with the fear of punishment from school headmasters. These direct students into open-mindedness and tranquility despite any aggressiveness from their peers. As a result, it is said that education plays a vital role in keeping peace.
Education enables people to weigh up the pros and cons of their words and acts
Lacking in education, it is difficult to conduct a critical analysis of a conflict; it is impossible to find appropriate solutions to remedy the situation. Quite often, uneducated people resort to using opportunistic solutions for the arising conflicts. Lacking consideration for the others, such acts lead to further outbursts of rages from their surroundings, which will make matters worse.
However, people can build their ability to think critically and to weigh their words and acts through education. The ability to live in harmony with the other students enables people to control and manage their emotions towards aggressors. Exercising students' minds to analyze problems and discuss solutions together with their peers shape their ways to deal with real life issues peacefully. Therefore, education is a good way to promote peace.
For this reason, The Prem Rawat Foundation (TPRF) has launched the Peace Education Program to help participants discover their mind tranquility. This program aims at developing participants' inner potential to solve their problems with peaceful means. Such education will eventually give them hope for a brighter future.